The National Food Security Mission Environmental Sciences Essay

Published: 2021-09-29 10:35:03
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With the Stagnating nutrient grain production and an increasing ingestion demand of turning population of India, The National Development Council ( NDC ) on 29th May, 2007 in its 53rd meeting adopted the declaration to establish a Food Security Mission and with this consequence the Food Security Mission came into presence on August, 2007. In order to guarantee the nutrient security on a sustainable footing for its country-men, the strategy has targeted to increase the production of rice by 10 million dozens, wheat by 8 million dozens and pulsations by 2 million dozens by the terminal of Eleventh Plan ( 2011-12 ).
It is a centrally Sponsored Scheme, taking to bridge the output spread through airing of improved engineerings and farm direction patterns. This strategy has an import function in increasing the productiveness of nutrient grains of India, it has advantage over the green revolution as it is covering 17 provinces more than what green revolution covered. As we will see the impact it has made in increasing the productiveness in the ulterior portion of the study, the figures are optimistic and it will be able to accomplish its mark of increasing nutrient productiveness by the twelvemonth 2011-2012 to run into the demand of the turning population.
Mission Aims

Increase production of rice, wheat, and pulsations through country enlargement and productivity enhancement in a sustainable mode in the identified territories of the state.
To increase the production of rice by 10 million dozens, wheat by 8 million dozens, and pulsations by 2 million dozens by the terminal of the Eleventh Plan ( 2011-12 ).
Restore dirt birthrate and productiveness at the single farm degree.
Creation of employment chances; and
Enhance farm degree economic system ( i.e. farm net incomes ) to reconstruct assurance amongst the husbandmans.
Fund Allotment
The entire fund allocated to this strategy is 4880 crores for heightening the nutrient grain production of rice by 10 million metric tons, wheat by 8 million tones and pulsations by 2 million metric tons by 2011-12. It is for three harvests, which are rice, wheat and pulsations. Rice and wheat are the major cereals consumed in India and occupies 80 % of our cereal ingestion. Whereas pulsations include several `` dekaliters `` like garbanzo, pigeon pea ( tur ), mung bean, urad bean, form portion of our basic diet and are the major beginning of protein.
To accomplish the above aims, the Mission adopted following schemes:

Active battle of all the stakeholders at assorted degrees
Promotion and extension of improved engineerings i.e. , seed, Integrated Nutrient Management including micronutrients, dirt amendments, IPM and resource preservation engineerings along with capacity edifice of husbandmans
Flow of fund will be monitored to guarantee that intercessions reach the mark donees on clip.
Assorted intercessions proposed would be integrated with the territory program and marks for each identified territory would be fixed.
Changeless monitoring and coincident rating for measuring the impact of the intercessions for a consequence oriented attack by the implementing bureaus.

Mission Structure
A. National Level
A General Council ( GC ) will be constituted under the chairmanship of the Union Agriculture Minister. A Mission Director will be appointed at the national degree. The composing of the GC will be as under:

Minister of Agriculture Chairman
Secretary ( A & A ; C ) Member
Secretary ( DARE ) & A ; DG ( ICAR ) Member
Secretary, Ministry of Finance Member
Adviser ( Agriculture ) , Planing Commission Member
Agriculture Commissioner Member
Mission Director Member Secretary

The GC will be the policy doing organic structure supplying suited directives and counsel to the Mission and reexamining the overall advancement and development of the strategy. The GC will be empowered to lie down and amend the operational guidelines, make up one's mind need-based reallocation of resources across States and territories and O.K. undertakings as per the demands. However, the subsidy norms as approved by the Government shall in no fortunes be exceeded for any of the Mission constituents. The GC will run into at least twice a twelve-month.
A National Food Security Mission Executive Committee ( NFSMEC ) would be constituted under the chairmanship of Secretary, Department of Agriculture & A ; Cooperation to supervise the activities of the Mission and to O.K. the State Action Plans. The NFSMEC will consist the followers:

Secretary ( A & A ; C ) Chairman
Secretary ( DARE ) & A ; DG, ICAR Member
Secretary, MOWR Member
Secretary, Department of Fertilizers Member
Adviser ( Agri ) , Planing Commission Member
Agriculture Commissioner Member
Five ( 5 ) experts on harvest production Member
Mission Director Member Secretary

Function of the NFSMEC will be to supervise the activities of the Mission and to O.K. the single State Action Plans. The Chairman may put up more members to the commission as per demand. The NFSMEC will run into one time in every one-fourth.
A Particular Food Security Cell created in the Department of Agriculture & A; Cooperation ( DAC ) will supply the necessary support to the GC and NFSMEC and will administrate the NFSM. NFSMEC will guarantee smooth functional linkages among different bureaus. NFSMEC shall, in the initial phases of the Mission, meet tri-monthly. Implementing bureaus involved in the executing of the Mission's program will be accountable to the NFSMEC.
A National Food Security Mission Cell will be created in the Crops Division of DAC by redeploying officers/staff from within the Department. There would be three extra Commissioners one each for rice, wheat and pulsations and three Deputy Commissioners one each for the several harvests. Two Adjunct Commissioners, three Assistant Directors, three STAs and back uping staff will besides be placed in the Cell.
State Level
A-State Food Security Mission Executive Committee ( SFSMEC ) will be constituted by the State Governments under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary to supervise the activities of the Mission in the State. Secretary ( Agriculture ) , Secretary ( Irrigation ) , Secretary ( Power ) and representatives from other Departments concerned, SAUs, ICAR Institutes, lead Bankss, etc. will be the members of the SFSMEC. A State Mission Director will be appointed in the graduated table of directors ( from within the State Government or outdoors ) . The fundamental law of the State Food Security Mission Executive Committee ( SFSMEC ) will be as follows:

Chief Secretary of the State Chairman
Secretary ( Agriculture ) Member
Secretary ( Irrigation ) Member
Secretary ( Power ) Member
Vice-Chancellor ( s ) of SAUs Member
Director/Project Director of ICAR Institutes Member
Representatives of Lead Bankss Member
State Mission Director Member Secretary

The State Governments will hold to put up or make a suited independent bureau registered under the Societies Registration Act for implementing the Mission at the State and territory degrees. The bureau therefore nominated will implement the Mission 's program in the State. Such a bureau could be the State Agricultural Management & A; Extension Training Institute ( SAMETI ) at the State Level and the Agriculture Technology Management Agency ( ATMA ) at the territory degree.
Separate histories for the strategy would be maintained by the State and the District degree Agencies as per the Account codification prescribed by the NSFMEC. The one-year histories would be punctually audited by a hired comptroller every twelvemonth.
The State Level Agency will hold the undermentioned duties:
Prepare position and State Action Plan in consonant rhyme with the Mission 's ends and aims and in close coordination with State Agriculture Universities ( SAUs ) and ICAR Institutes.
Organize / behavior baseline study and feasibleness surveies in the country of operation ( territory, sub-district or a group of territories ) to find the position of harvest production, its possible and demand. Similar surveies would besides be undertaken for other constituents of the programmes.
Execution of the Mission 's programs in the State through husbandman societies, Non-Governmental Organizations ( NGOs ), agriculturists ' associations, self-help groups, State establishments, and other similar entities.
Organize workshops, seminars, and developing programs for husbandmans and other stakeholders at the State degree with the aid of State Agriculture Universities and ICAR Institutes in the district/State.
Funds would be straight received by it from the National Food Security Mission to put to death the sanctioned Action Plan for the State.
District Level
At the territory degree, the strategy will be implemented through the Agricultural Technology Management Agency ( ATMA ). The State Level Agency will supply the needed finances to the District Level Agency for executing the programme at the territory / block degree.
A District Food Security Mission Executive Committee ( DFSMEC ) will be constituted for undertaking preparation, execution, and monitoring of the strategy constituents through the District Agriculture Department. The District Collector or Chief Executive Officer of the Zilla Parishad ( as per bing norms of the State Government ) will be the president of the DFSMEC.
DFSMEC will hold representatives from the line Departments concerned including SAUs, KVKs, ATMA, progressive husbandmans, self help groups of husbandmans and reputed NGOs as its members. The Deputy Director ( Agriculture ) / District Agriculture Officer will be the Member Secretary of the DFSMEC. The fundamental law of the DFSMEC will be as follows:

District Collector/CEO of Zilla Parishad Chairman
Representatives from line Departments Member
Nominated progressive husbandmans Member
Representatives from ego aid groups of husbandmans Member
Representatives from reputed NGOs Member
Representative of KVK / SAU in the District Member
Project Director ATMA Member
Deputy Director ( Agriculture ) /District Member Agricultural Officer Secretary
Chairman, DFSMEC may put up other extra officials/persons of importance as felt necessary by him.

Project Management Team
A Project Management Team will be constituted at the National degree under the leading of Mission Director.
A Project Management Team will be constituted at the State and the territory degree under the leading of a Project Manager drawn from the State Government. At the State degree, the Project Manager will be of the degree of a Director. At the territory degree, the undertaking director will be of the degree of a Deputy Director ( Agriculture ) or the District Agriculture Officer.
The Project Management Team will be assisted by proficient experts to be appointed on a contractual footing for engineering transportation and execution of the Mission. The Project Management Team will hold the duty to guarantee coaction among assorted line sections in the Centre / State to accomplish the marks. The assignment of proficient work force will be made on contract footing with the term of mention laid down for the intent by NFSMEC. The Project Management Team will supply the proficient services/advice. Honorarium to Project Management Team members will be fixed as per the extant fiscal norms.
KVKs, SAUs and ICAR institutes working in the territory will supply proficient support in the preparation of undertakings, its execution and monitoring. The proficient staff will be sourced from SAUs and their regional Centres located in the territories, KVKs, and ICAR institutes for leaving preparation to the husbandmans and extension forces involved in the execution and monitoring of the NFSM. The Project Management Team will hold the undermentioned duties:

Guide the States/districts in organisational and proficient affairs.
Aid in the execution and monitoring of the assorted intercessions of the NFSM.
Help the States/districts in capacity edifice programmes and record the informations on harvest output through harvest cutting experiment samples.
Help the territory and province bureaus in coincident rating based on instance surveies in identified territories and papers and circulate the success narratives.
Undertake publicity/information run to advance the Mission aims.

Monitoring System
The National Food Security Mission will hold a strong mechanism of monitoring and rating with the engagement of all the implementing bureaus and the line sections. At the territory degree, monitoring will be undertaken by DFSMEC supported by the Project Management Team.
Close monitoring of the physical and the fiscal marks of assorted plan intercessions would be done by the monitoring squads. Format for supervising these intercessions would be prescribed by NSFMEC.
The State Department responsible for Economics and Statistics will be involved in accommodating the prescribed format for information aggregation referring to different parametric quantities of the Mission for supervising to accommodate the local demands.
At the State degree, the activities of the Mission will be monitored by a Committee to be constituted under the chairmanship of the State Mission Director with members from the line sections, SAUs, lead Bankss, ICAR institutes, and the national harvest development directorates nodal for the State.
At the National degree, the activities of the Mission will be monitored by a Committee to be constituted under the chairmanship of the Mission Director with members from Department of Agriculture & A; Cooperation, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, SAUs, Directorate of Rice, Wheat and Pulses Development, research establishments concerned and functionaries of State Departments concerned.
Directorate of Rice/Wheat/ Pulses Development will be the convener of the Committees for the identified provinces, i.e. , the Directorate of Wheat Development for the northern States ; the Directorate of Rice Development for the eastern States; and the Directorate of Pulses Development for the Central and the southern States.
Reporting System
The State Department of Agriculture will guarantee the entry of Quarterly Progress Reports ( QPR ) , which should make by the 10th of every 3rd month. Similarly, the elaborate Annual Progress Report ( APR ) should be sent to the Department of Agriculture & A ; Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture within three months after the terminal of the twelvemonth. One transcript of the studies of NFSM-Rice should be sent to the Directorate for Rice Development, Patna ; of NFSM-Wheat to the Directorate of Wheat Development, Ghaziabad and of NFSM-Pulses to the Directorate of Pulse Development, Bhopal with a transcript to the Mission Director. The formats for describing would be as prescribed by the NSFMEC.
Evaluation System
A baseline study will be conducted by the State Department responsible for Economics & A; Statistics to cognize the resource gifts of the husbandmen and the degree of productiveness.
A coincident rating will be done every twelvemonth. The State Statistical Department would be responsible for carry oning this rating to measure the public presentation of the strategy in footings of its aims.
In the 3rd twelvemonth of execution of the NFSM, a mid-term rating at the National Level will be undertaken through an independent agency/organization on its public presentation and defects so as to take the remedial steps / do required alterations in the strategy and its method of execution.
An Impact Evaluation Study at the National Level will besides be undertaken through an independent bureau after the 3rd twelvemonth of execution to measure the impact of the strategy in increasing the productiveness of rice, wheat and pulsations, harvest variegation, and sweetening of husbandmans ' income.
Information communicating engineering will be used for monitoring and rating of the Mission. A specialized tool/format/ package for the monitoring and rating of the Mission 's activities would be developed.
Benefits to Farmers
Under this strategy the husbandmans are provided with the high giving up assortments of seeds, dirt amenders such as gypsum and calcium hydroxide and micronutrients, helps to add assorted machineries used for farming and aid for taking up Integrated Pest Control measures. Under this mission the expert tells the husbandmans about the new methods of agriculture, how different tools can be used to increase the productiveness and do agriculture easy through Farmers Field Schools and presentations.
The strategy is really flexible and leaves adequate infinite for inventions at small town degree. Apart from the room given to the villagers for transporting out the activities as per their ain convenience, the local organic structures are allowed to be after as per their local demands therefore, continuing the spirit and holiness of local bodies/ panchayets establishments. About 10 % of the budget i.e. 420 crores is allotted for this intent. A fund of Rs1 crore per territory holding a individual mission harvest, 2 crores per territory holding more than one mission harvests is provided.
Since the strategy has focused to increase the productiveness of wheat, rice and pulsations so, it came up with many intercessions in order to accomplish its mission.
Some of the major intercessions that have been planned are given below given:
Interventions-Rice, Wheat and Pulses
Demonstration-In order to make the consciousness about the improved farm patterns presentation of the improved patterns of rice and wheat, SRI and intercrossed rice will be conducted at husbandman's field. The figure of the presentation will be about 1/5th of the entire figure of the 11th five-year program but merely one presentation will be given to the husbandman.
The presentations will be conducted in the immediate block by spliting the field in two blocks, one for the improved patterns and other by the husbandman 's patterns. This will be done in coaction with the State Department of Agriculture, State Agriculture Universities, ICAR Institutes, Krishi Vikas Kendra and NGO 's working in this field. But before all these choice of beneficiary husbandmans, choice of site and dirt analysis will be done.
System of Rice Intensification and Hybrid Rice Technology- The presentation of SRI and intercrossed rice engineering will be conducted on husbandman 's field holding assured irrigation installation and proviso of drainage.
Fiscal Aid for production of seed-Financial aid will be provided for the production of seed of intercrossed rice and certified seeds of improved assortments of pulsations. The production will be done under the Seed Committee of NFSM under the chairmanship of Agriculture Commissioner, Govt. of India. In order to run into the mark of covering 3 million hour angle. country under intercrossed rice, 4.5lakhs quintal intercrossed seed will be produced. The subsidy is besides given by the govt. to the production units. The aid for administering the Hybrid/ HVY seeds of rice, wheat and pulsations will besides be given and public every bit good as private bureaus will be made the portion of distribution.
Seed Minikit Programme of Rice and Wheat-This programme was aimed at presenting and popularising the latest released/ pre-released varieties/ loanblends among the husbandmans. The size of the minikit made will be 10kg each for wheat, 5kg for HVY of rice and 8kg for Hybrid rice but merely the new released/ loanblend will be distributed which should non be older than 5 old ages. It was decided that one minikit for every 50ha country of rice and wheat will be distributed. These minikits will be distributed by NSC/ SFCI/ SAUs.
Strengthening the Infrastructure for Pulses Breeder Seed Production of ICAR-In order to beef up the substructure the Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur was made the nodal bureau. It was provided with the fiscal aid in order to beef up the breeder seed production substructure including contractual work force on project footing. State Seed Corporation/ NSC/SFCI/NAFED/IFFCO and other seed bring forthing bureaus will be explicating Annual Seed Production program for production of foundation and certified pulse seeds.
Alimentary Management and usage of Soil Ameliorants-Management of foods and dirt ameliorants will be implemented by the State Development of Agriculture. The All India Soil and Land Use Survey will be the nodal bureau for designation of the precedence countries for execution.
Mechanization in the rice, wheat and pulsation will be assisting the husbandmans in the timely completion of the field operation and increase their efficiency, this in bend will conserve the cost of cultivation. Tractor drawn seed drill for wheat and pulsations will assist the beneficiary to cover the big countries in a short period.
Distribution of Sprinkler Sets for Wheat and Pulses-It was planned to increase the irrigated country under pulsations from 16 % to 21 % and heighten the irrigation efficiency in NFSM-Wheat territories through the distribution of Sprinkler Sets.
Analysis of Effect of NFSM on the production of Rice, Wheat, and pulsations in the twelvemonth 2007 - 2008 and 2008 - 2009.
Main aims of NFSM are:

20 million dozenss of extra nutrient grains to be produced ; 10 of rice, 8 of wheat and 2 of Pulsations: We have non yet reached to that degree but we are seeking to catch up really shortly.
An spending of Rs. 4883 crores provided over a period of five old ages, 2007-08 to 2011-12
312 territories to be covered in 17 States that are holding really high output spreads
20 MHa of Rice, 13 MHa of Wheat and 17 MHa of Pulses, covering approximately 40 % of cropped country for focussed attending

Signs of Change

Improved production and productiveness during 07-08 & A ; 08-09
State specific specializations- Many province developed their ain specialisations for e.g. Tamil Nadu- SRI ; Orissa and A.P- Documentation of presentations
Improvement of productiveness by more than 50 % in some territories of Bihar, M.P where the original productiveness is much lesser than the province productiveness.
Encouragement to new farm practices-Nearly 2.35 lakh presentations of improved assortments of rice and wheat, SRI of rice and intercrossed rice

So if we critically analyze the above findings we can state that it has done a good occupation when we consider a short period. However there are many other factors which will and are non leting NFSM to be effectual. Some of the grounds are evidently bureaucracy and other political factors, other factors include societal factors as deficiency of enterprise from people themselves.
Analyzing the Working of the scheme State-Wise
To acquire more elaborate and clear image of the working and betterment made boulder clay now, we will analyze the strategy province wise. The studies of the provinces are as follows:
Andhra Pradesh
There was addition in the country under Kharif rice over the normal rice. Despite of heavy rains, and loss of grains, province managed to feed its people.
Mission manager stated that no extra financess would be required as they are using the financess decently and due to lift in production husbandmans are taking enterprises themselves.
An sum of Rs. 12.07 crores was spent as on 15.12.2010 against approved program sum of Rs.25.98 crores and 100 % outgo was anticipated by the terminal of season.
An country of 11.03 lakh Hectors was covered under Kharif rice against mark of 10.55 lakhs Hectors and country of 16.72 lakh hectares against mark of 15.10 hundred thousand under Kharif pulsations was covered. Similarly 90.94 lakh tones of Kharif nutrient grains were done as against 87.27 hundred thousand.
2064 minikits were supplied to the husbandmans. Changeless proficient aid was provided to the husbandmans. But merely one territory is included in the mission, the PMT support was non provided to the province.
17019 minikits of rice and 7124 minikits of wheat were supplied against the allotment of 18008 and 7108 minikits of rice and wheat severally. 91160 minikits of pulse harvest were supplied against the allotment of 92160 minikits.
Madhya Pradesh
Outgo of Rs.4.52 crores and 16 crores was incurred under Rice and Pulses during Khaiff. There was 15 % addition in the overall production of nutrient grains.
Presently 15 territories are included but they are be aftering to increase it to 30 within 2-4 old ages.
State reported 55 % outgo under wheat and 43 % under pulsations constituent of NFSM.
Tamil Nadu
This province has spent 100 % of the allocated financess, which was Rs.29.94 crores under rice and pulsations. State saw a important betterment in the quality of dirt due to outdo agriculture patterns being used under the mission.
West Bengal
This province was non able to pass every bit much as it was given to it but so besides in has seen a quite growing in the production of nutrient grains.
From the above analysis done for the different provinces where the programme was carried out in full swing, we can state that the National Food Security Mission is working really successfully in many provinces as it has helped in increasing the productiveness per Hector of the irrigated land. But we besides saw that in some provinces the mission`s aim is non fulfilled, as the provinces are non able to utilize the financess allocated to them or they are non able to pull off good the husbandmans land or they are non able to administer the seeds to the husbandmans in the needed ratio.
But looking into its overall public presentation we can state that if it keeps bettering its working so it can easy accomplish its aim in the p of 5 old ages.
Comparison of NFSM between Andhra Pradesh and Orissa
The National Food Security Mission ( NFSM ) is in operation in 17 provinces of the state including Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
Andhra Pradesh
National Food Security Mission-Rice ( NFSM-Rice ) is being implemented in 11 territories of the province and National Food Security Mission -Pulses ( NFSM-Pulses ) is being implemented in 14 territories of the province.
Present Status of nidation of NFSM in State
On the footing of the proposal received from the State Government of Andhra Pradesh for execution of NFSM-Rice and NFSM-Pulses during Rabi, 2007-08, a entire sum of Rs. 4481.83 hundred thousand ( dwelling of an sum of Rs. 1594.83 lakhs under NFSM-Rice, Rs. 2811.00 hundred thousand for NFSM-Pulses and Rs. 76.00 hundred thousand for Publicity ) have been allocated. The entire sum of Rs. 4461.83 hundred thousand has been released.
For other old ages the information has been mentioned in the below given tabular array, which compares the allotment of NFSM amongst different provinces.
Degree centigrades: UsersDhirajDesktopNFSMstates.jpg
In twelvemonth 2009-10, Andhra Pradesh has been allocated Rs. 12791 Lakhs under NFSM and for the twelvemonth 2010-11 it was allocated Rs. 6401 Lakhs.
The State has reported the outgo of Rs. 1053.64 lakh under NFSM Rice and Rs. 2403.00 lakhs under NFSM-Pulses, so far. The high values of fund allotment show that Andhra Pradesh has made a important advancement over the old ages in Food Security.
Since the NFSM has been launched from Rabi, 2007-08, no province has indicated restraints so far.
National Food Security Mission-Rice ( NFSM-Rice ) is being implemented in 15 territories of the province and National Food Security Mission -Pulses ( NFSM-Pulses ) is being implemented in 10 territories of the province.
Present Status of NFSM in State
On the footing of the proposal received from the State Government of Orissa for execution of NFSM-Rice and NFSM-Pulses during Rabi, 2007-08, an sum of Rs. 645.860 lakhs under NFSM-Rice and Rs. 456.760 hundred thousand for NFSM-Pulses have been allocated. Besides, an sum of Rs. 31.00 hundred thousand has besides been allocated to State for Publicity Campaign.
In 2010-11, the fund allotment for execution of NFSM has been significantly high. The entire sum of fund allotment is Rs. 3714 Crores, out of which Rs. 894 Crores is for the Pulses and Rs. 2820 Crores is for the Rice. The information has been shared in the above tabular array.
For other old ages, as can be seen from the tabular array below, in 2009-10, Orissa had a fund allotment of Rs. 43.1 crores in entire out of which Rs. 2.03 Crores was for Publicity Campaign.
Degree centigrades: UsersDhirajDesktopUntitled.jpg
As per the authorities web site, no advancement has been reported by the province so far. But we can see from Table 1 that over the old ages the fund allotment has improved and good sum of work has been done for nutrient security in the province of Orissa.
Since the NFSM has been launched from Rabi, 2007-08, no province has indicated restraints so far.
The province of Orissa has far lesser fund allotment every bit far as NFSM is concerned in comparing to Andhra Pradesh. As per the statistics available on the web site and covered in Table 1, Andhra Pradesh was allocated a entire fund of Rs. 8181 Crores in 2008-09 in comparing to Orissa 's Rs. 6252 Crores of allocated fund during the same clip period.
In 2009-10, financess deserving Rs. 12791 Crores were allocated for nutrient security in Andhra Pradesh in comparing to Orissa 's Rs. 6279 Crores. This besides shows that year-on-year growing in allotment of NFSM financess has seen growing for Andhra Pradesh but it is about the same for Orissa.
Critical Analysis
In a command to bolster India 's nutrient security scenario, the National Food Security Mission ( NFSM ) has been implemented in 476 districts of 17 States in India since its origin. The chief thought behind NFSM is to accomplish an extra production of 20 million dozenss of nutrient grains -- 10 million dozenss of rice, 8 million dozenss of wheat and 2 million dozenss of pulsations -- by the terminal of Eleventh five-year program ( 2011-12 ).
There have been many focused and aim orientated technological intercessions under NFSM which has made a important impact since its origin which is reflected by the fact that the production of rice, wheat and pulsations is increased from 93.35 million dozenss, 75.81 million dozenss and 14.20 million dozenss in 2006-07 to 94.01 million dozenss, 81.47 million dozenss and 16.51 million dozenss severally in 2010-11 as per 2nd progress estimation.
NFSM-Rice: The NFSM-Rice is implemented in 138 territory of 14 States, i.e. , Andhra Pradesh ( 11districts ), Assam ( 13districts ), Bihar ( 18 territories ), Chhattisgarh ( 10 territories ), Gujarat ( 2 territories ), Jharkhand ( 7 territories ), Karnataka ( 7 territories ), Kerala ( 1 territory ), Madhya Pradesh ( 9 territories ), Maharashtra ( 6 territories ), Orissa ( 15 territories ), Tamil Nadu ( 5 territories ), Uttar Pradesh ( 26 territories ) and West Bengal ( 8 territories ).
NFSM-Wheat: The NFSM-Wheat is implemented in 141 territories of 9 States i.e. Bihar ( 25 territories ), Gujarat ( 4 territories ), Haryana ( 7 territories ), Madhya Pradesh ( 30 territories ), Maharasthra ( 8 territories ), Punjab ( 10 territories ), Rajasthan ( 15 territories ), Uttar Pradesh ( 38 territories ) and West Bengal ( 4 territories ).
NFSM-Pulses: Under NFSM-Pulses, 467 territories of 16 State are included. All the territories in 4 provinces of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and 10 territories of Assam and 15 territories of Jharkhand are included under NFSM-Pulses.
One of the defects with the NFSM is its position to supply modern engineering through the above mentioned intercessions to little and fringy husbandmans. This proposal is non practical in the sense that the usage of modern engineering by little husbandmans will non be economically feasible. This proposal of NFSM is hence, contradictory itself, since modern engineering can be implemented in large- sized farms merely.

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